The Gondia district has in to existance on 1st May 1999 after division of Bhandara district. It consists of 8 talukas namely Gondia, Amgaon, Goregaon, Salekasa, Deori, Sadak Arjuni, Arjuni Morgaon and Tiroda. The district is bounded by Madhya Pradesh due North, Chhattisgarh State due East, Bhandara district due West and Gadchiroli due South. It falls in the Survey of India Toposheets No. 55 O, 55P, 64 C, and 64 D.
The district is named Gondia because existance of Gond Kingdom as Gond community was the residence of this district.
The district Gondia is situated in latitude between 200 39’00 and 210 38 ’00” North and longitude between 790 48’00 and 800 03’00” East located in the North East corner of the Maharashtra State. The total geographical area of the district is 5430 Sq. Km. Out of which 43.79% of the total geographical area is covered by forest . There are 954 villages in the district. Population of the district is 1200151. Average altitude of the the district from the mean sea level is 311.16 metres. Maximum temperature in the district is 47.40C in the summer season and Minimum temperature in the district is 7.40C in the winter season. Average Rainfall of the district is 1383 mm occurs with the south west monsoon during the month from June to September.
The North West part of the district is having gentle slope where as the Erastern and Southern part of the district is having medium slope. The area is mainly divided into two parts.
- North-Eastern and South-Eastern hilly terrain.
- Northern and Western plain terrain.
The main river is the Wainganga. Wagh, Chulbandh and Gadhavi are its Tributaries. The general slope of the area is towards south west direction. Drainage pattern of the area is parallel to sub parallel.Geology:
The area is covered by Igneous and Metamorphic rocks. The geological succession is as under:
Age Formation Rock Types 1 Recent & Ploestocene Laterite,Alluvium Laterite, Alluvium 2 Pre-cambrian Dongargarh Super group Andesite, Rhyolite, Granite, Sandstone etc. 3 Archean Sakoli Group Amphibolite Schist, Gniess, Quartzite, Phyllites,
The main aquifer in this area is metamorphic rock which is hard basically & it’s permeability and porosity is less. The specific yield ranges between 1-2% .
The weathered portion of the metamorphic rock is clayey due to keolinization of feldspar. The thickness of weathered zone varies from 12 to 15 mtrs. In general permeability of the aquifer is poor, have irrigation wells are less.
The district is divided into 33 watersheds. Groundwater assessment is carried out as per GEC-1997 norms on the basis of watershed as a unit. As per Fifth Groundwater Assessment net groundwater recharge is 72546.89 ham, net withdrawal is 4802.25 ham, net groundwater balance for future development is 67699.64 ham. 5091 existing wells are considered for groundwater assessment. Area is feasible for additional 33923 wells. Stage of development ranges from 7 to 24%. On the basis of Fifth Groundwater assessment all the watersheds of Gondia district falls under Safe category.Historical and Cultural Importance:
The 43.79% of the total area is covered by forest. Tendupatta collection, Bidi udyog is the main buisiness of the people. Climate & Rainfall conditions are favourable for cultivation of rice crop. Rice mills are also planty in this district. Hence Gondia is called as Rice City. Gum and Lakh udyog is also well known buisiness of the district.
Places of tourist Interest:
Gondia Taluka: Shiv Mandir Nagra, Dongardeo Tila, Kamtheshwar Kamtha,
Tiroda Taluka: Shree Chakradhar Swami Deosthan Sukadi Dakram,
Goregaon Taluka: Maa Mandodevi Deosthan Tedha, Nagzira Wild Life Sanctury.
Amgaon Taluka: BhavBhuti Janma Bhumi Padampur, Mahadeo Pahadi Deosthan, Nath Baba Sthan.
Salekaa Taluka: Ranidoh, Maa Gadmata Deosthan, Kua Dhas, Hazara Fall, Kachargad Cave,
Deori Taluka: Maa Dhukeshwari Deosthan Deori,Dhas Dhabdhaba, Purani Kothi,
Sadak Arjuni Taluka: Shashikaran Deosthan, Ramdeo Baba Mandir, Kolasur Deosthan.
Arjuni Morgaon: Maa Ganga Jamuna Deosthan, Navegaon National Park, Itiadoh Medium Project, Pratapgad Fort,Shiv Mandir Pratapgad, Hazrat Khwaja Usman Gani Shah Haruni’s Dargah Pratapgad.