The present Chandrapur district was formerly known as “ CHANDA” since 1964 in British regime. Prior to this it was also known as “Lokapur” and “Indrapur”. The district is bounded by 78046 & 80000 E Latitude and 19030’ & 20045’ N Longitude covering an area 10443 sq. Km. As per 2001 census total population of the district is about 17.69 Lakhs with 51% male and 49 % female population.
The district head quarter is located at Chandrapur city situated on beautiful banks of Irai River and is approachable by all season roads via Nagpur, Hyderabad and Gadchiroli. The district is divided in fifteen talukas and shares common boundaries with Wardha, Bhandara, Nagpur, Yavatmal and Gadchiroli districts.
The Chandrapur district possesses varied topography due to complex geological set up. The southern part is comprised of Manikgarh hills also known as Chandurgarh hills. These hills are fully made up of Deccan trap showing elevated peaks and depressions along with plane land on top called Mesa. The general elevation of the hills is about 600 m from MSL. The Northern part of the district is covered with Chimur- Parsagarh –Nagbhid- Rajoli hills. These are elevated about 300 m from MSL. The plane land in the district between these hill ranges shows 274 m elevation from MSL. Minimum elevation in the district is 123m with general slope towards south.
The major drainage in the district is due to:
1. Wardha River : Warora, Chandrapur, Rajura & Gondpipari talukas.
2. Irai River : Chandrapur, Bhadrawati talukas.
3. Andhari River : Mul Taluka.
4. Wainganga River : Brahmapuri, Sawali and Gondpipari Talukas.
5. Penganga River : Korpana Taluka
6. Uma River : Mul and Chimur Taluka.
All rivers in the district flow towards south in general.
The Geological successions in the district are as follows-
Formations Area Talukas Recent Alluvium 5 % Bhadrawati & Chimur. Lower Eocene to Upper Cretaceous Deccan Trap 10% Warora, Rajura, Jiwati And Korpana. Lower Cretaceous to Jurassic Lameta ( Clay & SSt)
Warora & Bhadrawati. Upper Permian to Carboniferous Gondwana (SSt & Shale, Clay) Warora, Bhadrawati, Chandrapur, Rajura, & Gondpipari. Precambrian Vindhyan (Lst & Shale) 20 % Rajura, Chimur, Bhadrawati, Sindewahi, Nagbhid & Brahmapuri. Archean Metamorphic (Schist & Gneisses) 35% Sindewahi, Mul, Sawali, Gondpipari, Chimur, Brahmapuri & Bhadrawati.Hydrogeology:
These are oldest rock type belonging to Dharwarian Sausar and Sakoli group. Granite gneisses and Schists are the major rock units. Hydro geologically they do not possess primary porosity. The joints and cracks forms secondary porosity and acts as a media for ground water occurrence and movement. The aquifer in general occurs between 27 to 40 m depth from GL.
Rocks of Vindhyan system falls under this age group. Limestone and shale are the major litho units. Hydro geologically limestone forms good aquifer due to secondary porosity whereas shale is aqitard and GW availability in shale is very poor. The well depth varies from 6 to 9m with average yield 27 k lit/day in winter and 10to 12 K lit/day in summer.
They are Sedimentary rocks mostly comprised of Sandstone, Shale and variegated clays. Kamthi and Barakar Sandstone are most widely spread rocks in this group. The ground water occurs in confined as well as semi confined condition. The sandstone are good aquifer and groundwater occurs in abundance due to primary as well as secondary porosity and transitivity. The average depth of well is 6 to 10 m yielding 139 K lit/day water in summer and that of 81 K lit/day in summer.
They are lower Gondwana formations with very small aerial extent in the district. They have poor strorativity and transmitivity resulting into poor ground water availability. The wells depth in these formations varies from 8 to 12 m yielding 36 – 84 K lit/day water. The recuperation is also very poor in this type of rocks.
The igneous extrusive rocks covering about 3 % of the total area of district. The simple Aa type basaltic lava flow is only rock type of Deccan trap in the district. They occur in southern part and also in some part of Warora Taluka. The average well depth varies from 6 to 11 m with 36 to 90 K lit/day yields of water in winter and that of 18 to 66 K lit/day in summer.
The alluvium occurs along the bank of Wardha and Wainganga rivers. They are good aquifer and the water bearing formation is comprised of pebbles, gravels and sand. The average depth of this formation in the district is about 20 to 30 m. the average yield of well is 40 K lit/day to 1935 K lit/day.
The Chandrapur district has sound historical background. Mahakali Mandir, Wadha temple, Parswanath Mandir, Somnath project and Ramdegi temple are important historical places. Whereas Tadoba – Andhari Tiger project, Anandwan, Ramala talao, Ghodazari , Satbahini tapowan , Junona and Adyal tekadi are picnic places.
There is mix culture in Chandrapur district. out of total area of the district about 34.42 % area is covered with forest. The most of the population lives in small villages and belongs to varies caste and tribes. The peoples enjoy their own tradition and culture belonging to their cast or group of cast. Apart from there tradition and customs they celebrates Diwali, Holi, Pola, Dashhara, and other local festivals.
The Chandrapur district enjoys hot weather. Though falls under assured rainfall zone, the complex geological set up results into scarcity for drinking water in hot summer in most of the topographically adverse villages. Also drinking water quality is found disturbed due to fluoride contamination in few taluka e.g. korpana and warora. There is a natural spring called “Gaimukh” in Sindewahi taluka.
Natural Flood is the major concern for the villages on the bank of Wardha and Irai River including Chandrapur city.Map 1Map 2
1. Collectorate :- 07172-255300, 255400
2. CEO (Zillha parishad) 07172-256401
Website : www.chanda.nic.in