Ground Water Suveys and Development Agency, Pune | National Hydrology Project

National Hydrology Project

Basic Design of the Project

The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD & GR), Government of India (GoI) has proposed the Hydrology Project Phase III, now named as National Hydrology Project (NHP) as a follow-on to the earlier Hydrology Projects (HP-I and HP-II). Hydrology Projects have been the central government initiatives and efforts in India to improve the planning, development, and management of water resources, as well as flood forecasting and reservoir operations in real-time.The project with completed two phases (Phase I from 1996 to 2003 and Phase II from 2006 to 2014) has established the backbone of a comprehensive Hydrological Information System (HIS) in India, providing scientifically verified, uniformly accepted and widely accessed hydrological records covering all aspects of the hydrological cycle.  After successfully participating in first two phases of Hydrology Project, the Groundwater Survey and Development Agency is participating in NHP as one of the State Agencies. The State has got the administrative approval of Project Implementation Plan under National Hydrology Project on 16 December 2016. The Financial Arrangement under the project is as given below.

l Project Objective

To improve the extent, quality, and accessibility of water resources information, decision support system for basin level resource assessment/planning and to strengthen the capacity of targeted water resources.

Project Highlight 

  • Central Sector Scheme, with 100% grant to the States
  • Budget Outlay: about Rs3,640 Crore, with World Bank Assistance to the tune of 50% of the project cost
  • Timeline: 8 years from 2016-17 to 2023-24
  • Scale: Pan India
  • Lead Agency: MoWR, RD&GR
  • Implementing Agencies: 49 (including 10 from Central Government and 39 from States)

2.Transforming Knowledge Access: The project will build on the dramatic advances in cloud computing, the internet, mobile devices, social media and other communication tools to modernize access to and visualization of customized water information by different stakeholders.

3.Enhancing Analytical Tools: The project will develop and demonstrate tools for water resources assessment, hydrologic and flood inundation forecasting, water infrastructure operations, ground water modeling, and river basin and investment planning.

4.Modernizing Institutions: The project will complement technology investments with investments in people and institutional capacity. Support will be provided for developing centers of expertise, innovative learning approaches, collaboration with academia and research institutes, and outreach programs. Office and equipment will be modernized to streamline workflows to effectively leverage the technology investments.

Description of the Components and Sub-Componentsn Component A: Hydromet Informatic System The Department is monitoring groundwater levels through a network of 1123 piezometers in the State, which were established in HP-I.  373 DWLRs with telemetry are proposed in next phase of Hydrology Project i.e National Hydrology Project.It is also proposed to procure vehicle mounted pumping test units for an aquifer performance complete set for effective field investigations, monitoring, and data collection.Component B: National Water Information Centre Wed-based State-WRIS It is proposed to upgrade and develop a public information system and to integrate with India WRIS. It is proposed to develop and hosting website.Digitization of Maps and DocumentsIt is proposed to digitize the reports, maps and other groundwater related documents in all 34 districts.Component C: Water Resources Operations and PlanningOne of the main focuses of NHP is Research and Development (R & D) in the form of Purpose Driven Studies (PDSs). In order to solve the problems in the certain area using Hydrological Information System (HIS) so as to develop sustainable sources at the minimum cost and easy to handle to solve the community problem.

Following Four Purpose Driven Studies are proposed to execute in Maharashtra state under National Hydrology Project to solve the area specific problems.

1.      Purpose driven studies nearby Coal Mine area in Nagpur region to identify the cause of water declination.

2.      Identifying the cause for acute water scarcity in Latur district and implementation of remedies.

3.      Identifying the extent of fluoride distribution in Groundwater and delineating its extent of the cause of in Food chain.

4.      Estimation of Aquifer Hydraulic Parameters in different geological formation.

Immediate remedial measures include

  1. creating awareness among people on a war footing to conserve and recharge
  2. Scientific selection of sites for recharge measures.
  3. Monitoring of water levels and quality.
  4. Implementation of the regulatory measures with people’s participation

 Component D: Water Resources Institutions and Capacity Building (In-House and External)

  • Training on HIS - 15 members
  • Data validation, processing, and analysis of GW Data – 100 members
  • Advanced training in GW Software Modflow, Aquachem, AquaPro etc., - 10 members
  • Training in WQ testing and analysis – 6
  • Groundwater estimation and management – 15 members
  • Advanced training in Arc GIS – 15 members
  • Overseas study tours - 5 members.

Water plays an important role for existence of mankind. The demand of water is rapidly increasing for drinking, irrigation and industrial uses. The increasing demand is also related to the increase in the population.