District -Washim INTRODUCTION:Washim district is located between latitude 19 50? ? to 20 44? ?N & longitude 74 40? ?to 77 10? ?E is 5153 sq. km. According to 1991census population is 8.62 lakhs. (Rural 7.22 urban 1.40) district head quarter is located in proper Washim taluka at kata road admistrative building room no 209. GEOGRAPHY:The average altitude ranges from 567 to335 amsl. The drainage pattern is of dendritic to trellis, partiallel in structurally controlled area. Main basins are
1) Painganga- Godavari basin 2) Wardha basin 3) Purna - Tapi basin. Major rivers are Painganga, Manora, Katepurna, Adan, Arunavati, Pus, and Bembla
GEOLOGY:Washim district totally comprises of Deccan trap ranging in age from upper Miocene to lower Eocene HYDROLOGY:Water bearing formation is weathered / fractured /jointed vesicular / massive basalt under phreatic & semi-confined condition. Flows are represented by massive portion at bottom & vesicular at top & are separated from each other by red bole. The weathered, fractured trap occurring in topographic lows from main aquifer in district. The vesicular portion of different lava flow varies in thickness from, 8-10 m & forms the potential zones. PREMONSOON WATER LEVEL-the depth to water level in the district under normal rainfall conditions during may ranges beetween5-12 meter bgl shallow water level within 10 mbgl are seen in almost entire district i.e. northern part of Risod taluka & entire Malegaon, Washim, Mangrulpir, Manora and Karanja. Water level in the ranges of 10-29 mbgl are observed in isolated patches in southern part of Risod, northern part of Malegaon & nw part of Karanja. POST MONSOON WATER LEVEL-the depth of water level during November ranges between 1.00 mbgl & 11.20 mbgl. in the entire district the water levels are shallow within 10 mogul . water levels of 2-5 mbgl is most dominant range occupying almost entire Rrisod , Malegaon , Manora, & major parts of Washim Mangrulpir and Karanja . Water level less than 2 mbgl are observed in isolated patches ie in southern parts of Karanja. Water level of 5-10 mbgl is also observed in isolated patches ie.in southern parts of Karanja.
Washim, Malegaon, Risod, Manora taluka belongs to the runoff zone i.e. ,there is 1st order drainage & having shallow water table during monsoon to winter season. Water bearing zone is from 80-100 feet, below that there is massive compact hard trap. It has no acceptance of rainwater hence during monsoon period some of bore wells overflow. Karanja, Mangrulpir taluka belong to the recharge zone i.e. there is 2nd order drainage moderately to highly fractured trap act as good aquifers water bearing zone for bore well is from 160 to 200 feet. There is good groundwater potential for development Karanja town is located in basin type topography.
------- Direction of Karanja town there is Rishi M.I tank which is slightly situated on higher altitude hence by gravity groundwater movement from M I tank to town is fast. Near about 95 % bore wells & dug wells having adequate water even though in summer season there is moderately to highly fractured trap act as a good aquifer.
HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE:Washim district has a history of 2000 year. It was under dynasty of king wakataki name is mentioned in watsagumla mahatmya also. At present Shri balaji temple is one of the ancient relics along with padmatirth talav & mahurvesh. The city had parkota & four vesh Kativesh, Chandikavesh, Mahurvesh. Karanjas shri datt mandir is inspiration of whole datt Community. Karanja krushi utpann Bazar samiti has in its honor as the Indias first Bazar samiti. The holy hair of Mohammad Paigambar kept in Mangrulpirs shirpur jains Antariksha parshvanath Temple, Davhas vishwmandir, Risod Sant sakharam maharaj temple etc are all symbol of National integrity.
In Bhaskaraacharyaas Siddhartha Shiromani manuscript Madhyamaeshwar temple is defined as center of imaginary line joining lanka & Meru Mountain. This line is considered to be the central line of earth. The place where this line passes through Washim indicated by Lord Madhyameshwars temple in ancient times. At the same place there was an observatory during wakataks reign.
KARANJA - Karanjas guru mandir is famous. During 1378 Karanja was DattAvtar Nursingha Sarawatics birthplace. Sansthan celebrate 45 days festival from his Shaligaman Yatra.
Rushi Talav - The nearby rushi talav is having its importance since ancient times. Many of the saints did Tapascharya on its bank.
Malegaon - Malegaon Shirpur Jains Antariksha Parshvanath temple is Jain community's famous shrine. In the temple Parshvanath tithankars statue is buoyant in the air & hence the name. This idol is placed in underground room. The statue is in a state meditation & made of black rock (Basalt).
Pauli temple - In the western fringe of the village paulli temple is located. The probably may be the actual temple. Elichpurs king Eel has constructed this temple It is said that at the time of Mouguls attack the original idol was shifted in the constructed by panchas of the village. The bricks found at the excavation site of Pauli temple floats on water (because they are made of scoriaceous lava)
Davha - It is about 7 kms away from Malegaon - of auspicious parampujya nagnath maharaj Two-week festival; Rathsaptami is carried out for Samadhi.
Mangrulpir - Mangrulpir got its name after pir Dargah. There is high fort like buruj Dada Hayat kalander kabir dargaah sharif. There are only three & a half kaladars in the world; like the one of the Pakistan - Mast kalandar, iraqs - Rabia basari (Ladies), & Mangrulpirs dada hayaat kalander alias shah badruddin. In hijari samvat 651 dada sayam came to India. Hence his one Golden handa is on it. There are seven Gold colored minarets. Mohammad Paigambers holy hair is kept safe in the dargaah. In august month big urs is celebrated.
Risod - Sant Shri Sakharam maharaj temple is located at 25 kms distance from Risod. On Kartik & Datt Amavasya ?Rathotsava?, a grand festival is celebrated.
Washim - Kata village western side, Shive Shakti temple is located. Katepurna River originates from this village. Along with this Adan, Chandrabhaga, Vatsara, Pus has their origin from this area. Along with this southern portion of Washim is included in Godavari catchments & northern portion is in Tapi catchment.
Cultural importance - From Mund to Vakataks reign, Washim has his cultural importance. Here Hindu, Muslim, Bohra, Banjara (tribal) & other community reside cultural harmony celebrating their respective festivals.